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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Early complications include:

  • patent ductus arteriosus with congestive heart failure
  • pneumothorax
  • pulmonary interstitial emphysema
  • lobar collapse
  • cerebroventricular haemorrhage

Late complications are principally the result of oxygen toxicity and barotrauma leading to chronic lung disease, ie bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

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