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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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COPD is a syndrome of obstructive airflow limitation which is often caused by more than one pathological process. Commonly, emphysema and bronchitis coexist.

Types of COPD include:

  • chronic bronchitis
  • emphysema
  • chronic obstructive airways disease
  • chronic airflow limitation
  • some cases of chronic asthma
  • bronchiectasis
  • involvement of the lung in rheumatoid arthritis

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