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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Some information concerning the prognosis for a patient with pneumothorax is presented below:

  • reabsorption of air and re-expansion of lung will occur over 3-12 weeks unless bronchopleural fistula or tension pneumothorax develop

  • a pneumothorax may precipitate respiratory failure if respiratory function is poor

  • recurrence rate for primary pneumothorax is more than 20% after the first episode and even greater after the second episode and tends to be more likely in women, tall men and smokers (1)
  • conservative treatment results in higher rates of recurrence


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