This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Go to /pro/cpd-dashboard page

This page is worth 0.05 CPD credits. CPD dashboard

Go to /account/subscription-details page

This page is worth 0.05 CPD credits. Upgrade to Pro

Clinical features

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

The clinical features of heart failure include symptoms such as:

  • most common symptoms are:
    • breathlessness
    • exertional
    • at rest - can be orthopnoea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea (PND)
    • fatigue
    • exercise intolerance
    • fluid retention - ankle swelling
  • other non specific symptoms include:
    • nocturia
    • anorexia
    • abdominal bloating and discomfort
    • constipation,
    • cerebral symptoms - confusion, dizziness and memory impairment (1)

signs such as:

  • tachycardia
  • displaced apex beat
  • third heart sound
  • gallop rhythm
  • reduced pulse volume
  • pulsus alternans
  • raised JVP –
    • in right heart failure
    • has a high predictive value in the diagnosis
    • but is often absent
  • oedema
  • rales, or basal crepitations
  • hepatomegaly
  • ascites (2)

Reference:


Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Annotations allow you to add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation. E.g. a website or number. This information will always show when you visit this page.

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

Connect

Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.