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"Evidence-based medicine is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients" - Sackett et al.
It is is a process which combines the individual doctor's expertise, the best available external clinical evidence and the patient's preferences when making decisions about the patient's health care.
ref: BMJ 13th Jan 1996 vol 312 71-2 DL Sackett, WMC Rosenberg, JAM Gray, & WS Richardson. Evidence-based medicine: what it is and what it is not.
Evidence-based Medicine: How to practice and teach EBM (same authors) Churchill Livingstone 1997.