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GEM - basic life support and anaphylaxis educational module

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

This educational module will be a refresher for basic life support and also highlight the changes that have occurred as a result of the updated guidance.

Basic life support in adults:

1) in the non-responsive patient, in the initial assessment, how long should you listen, look and feel for normal breath sounds

a) up to 10 seconds

b) up to 15 seconds

c) up to 30 seconds

2) Is an initial ventilation given before starting chest compressions?

3) If the patient is not breathing and chest compressions are indicated, at what rate should chest compressions be administered

a) about 60 per minute

b) about 100 per minute

4) at what rate of chest compressions to ventilations should be administered

a) 30:2

b) 10:1

c) 15:2

5) When can can chest compressions only be administered

Adult Basic Life Support - GPnotebook reference

Basic Life Support in Children

1) In children, the compression: ventilation ratio is 30:2 for a single rescuer. Is this ratio the same for two or more rescuers?

2) The compression: ventilation ratio in neonates is

a) 3:1

b) 10:1

3) How many rescue breaths are given to the non-responsive, non-breathing child?

Paediatric Basic Life Support - GPnotebook reference

4) What is the exception to performing CPR before calling for assistance?

GPnotebook reference


1) what are the recommended doses of adrenaline for use in adults with anaphylaxis?

2) the dose of adrenaline may be reduced in the context of certain medications taken by the patient. Can you list examples of medication which might necessitate a reduction in adrenaline dose


  1. BMJ editorial. New international concensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. BMJ 2005;331:1281-2.
  2. Resuscitation Council (UK). Resuscitation Guidelines 2010.

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