clinical features

Last reviewed 01/2018

These vary with respect to the different phases of tuberculosis infection (primary, post-primary, miliary).

Systemic features that may occur include: night sweats, lassitude, weight loss, malaise, fever, anorexia. The disease may be asymptomatic.

Local features vary with respect to the organ involved and may include:

  • lung: cough, sputum, haemoptysis, breathlessness, lobar collapse, bronchopneumonia, hoarseness
  • pleura: breathlessness, pain, effusion
  • heart/pericardium: pain, arrhythmias, cardiac failure, pericarditis
  • intestine: malabsorption, diarrhoea, obstruction
  • GU tract: haematuria, renal failure, epididymitis, salpingitis, infertility
  • adrenals: Addison's disease
  • skin: erythema nodosum, erythema induratum, lupus vulgaris
  • eyes: iritis, choroiditis, phlcytenular keratoconjunctivitis
  • bones/joints: arthritis, osteomyelitis
  • lymphatics: lymphadenopathy, cold abscesses, sinuses
  • brain: tuberculoma, meningitis