Last reviewed 01/2018

Causes include:

  • preterm delivery
  • birth asphyxia or injury
  • sepsis
  • diabetic mother
  • surgery
  • exchange transfusion
  • respiratory distress syndrome

Hypocalcaemia after four or five days may be a result of maternal hyperparathyroidism secondary to vitamin D deficiency, or it may result from the high phosphate content of unmodified cow's milk.

Other causes include DiGeorge syndrome.