Condoms, cervical caps, vaginal diaphragms, and chemically impregnated sponges may be used to prevent viable spermatazoa from gaining access to the endometrial cavity, fallopian tubes and peritoneal cavity.
- obtainable without prescription
- no serious complications
- low failure rate if couple well motivated - 5% failure rate achievable
- high coital dependence
- high failure rate if couple poorly motivated
Last reviewed 01/2018