FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 more open access pages.

Possible cause of dystonia include:

  • often idiopathic
  • genetic basis
  • as a result of cerebral disease:
    • hypoxia
    • Wilson's disease
    • encephalitis lethargica
    • drugs, e.g. L dopa, phenothiazines, metoclopramide, neuroleptics - usually acute onset

Last reviewed 04/2022