Last reviewed 01/2018
Cholecystectomy is the removal of the gallbladder and is the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones. Traditionally, it has been performed as an open operation but more recently, a laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard operation.
The mortality for elective cholecystectomy is low, ranging from 0 to 0.5%. The most frequent cause of death is cardiovascular disease. The importance of carefully checking for symptoms of cardiovascular disease before operation cannot be overstressed; any cardiac pathology should be corrected before proceeding with the cholecystectomy. Septic complications have been reduced markedly since the use of prophylactic antibiotics.
comparison of laparoscopic and open procedure
complications of biliary surgery