pleural cupola

Last reviewed 01/2018

Cervical pleura is the region of the parietal pleura extending through the superior thoracic aperture to coat the apex of the lungs. It is a continuation of the costal and mediastinal parietal pleura.

It is dome-shaped and with its apex approximately 3cm superior to the middle third of the clavicle.


  • inferior margin: manubrium, 1st costal cartilage, first rib, 1st thoracic vertebra
  • deep: visceral parietal pleura
  • medially: thyroid, trachea, oesophagus, great vessels
  • superiorly: suprapleural membrane
  • posterosuperiorly: neck of first rib