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  • a cephalhaematoma is a bruise on a neonate's head resulting from prolonged stage II of labour or from instrumental delivery, especially ventouse

  • a cephalhaematoma represents a subperiostial swelling - therefore its boundaries is limited by the individual bone margins

  • the misshapen head can cause some parental alarm, but they can be reassured that it will resolve with time. The swelling is fluctuant

  • complications of very large cephalhaematomas include anaemia from the quantity of bleed into the haematoma and jaundice from haemolysis within it. These are rare.

Last reviewed 01/2018