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Hypoalbuminaemia results in oedema and effects secondary to the decreased transport of specific molecules, e.g. calcium.
- analbuminaemia - rare; plasma albumin usually less than 1.0 g/l. Often asymptomatic due to compensatory increases in plasma globulins.
- liver disease - usually only in chronic disease as:
- large hepatic reserve
- long half-life of albumin - 20 days
- severe malnutrition
- following trauma, surgery
- renal - proteinuria, especially the nephrotic syndrome
- skin - exfoliative dermatitis; severe burns
- gastrointestinal tract:
- protein losing enteropathies
- serous effusion, e.g. ascites
Last reviewed 01/2018