The glomerulonephritides are a group of conditions in which glomerular injury is characterized by:
Glomerulonephritis may occur in isolation (primary glomerular disease) or as part of multisystem disease such as polyarteritis nodosa and SLE (secondary glomerular disease). Both kidneys are involved to similar degrees. The cardinal feature of all glomerulonephritides is haematuria (microscopic or macroscopic) with red cell casts in the urine.
Glomerulonephritis may present clinically in one of a number of ways:
Last reviewed 01/2018