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2630 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 17/4/2021)


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aetiology

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Causes include:

  • pulmonary atelactasis
  • bronchopneumonia
  • pulmonary embolism
  • left ventricular failure - may be a result of myocardial infarction of fluid overload
  • pneumothorax - may occur as a complication of insertion of a central venous line or use of intercostal anaesthetic block - also may occur spontaneously

Last reviewed 01/2018

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