Bronchiectasis is a bronchopulmonary disorder characterized by abnormal bronchial wall thickening and dilatation of central and medium sized bronchi caused by repeated cycles of airway infection and inflammation with mediator release (1).
It is usually accompanied by a chronic cough, mucopurulent sputum production and recurrent infections (2).
This condition may be due to an increased outward traction on the bronchi and weakness of the bronchial wall due to inflammation.
It may present in two forms:
Last reviewed 02/2021