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2693 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 14/4/2021)


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aetiology

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About 5% of vulvar dystrophies have malignant potential, especially those with cellular atypia on initial biopsy.

Two-thirds of vulval carcinomata are associated with vulvar dystrophies.

Women in countries with a high incidence of the following conditions develop vulval carcinoma at an earlier age:

  • schistosomiasis
  • granuloma inguinale
  • lymphogranuloma venereum

Last reviewed 01/2018

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