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Subphrenic abscesses may occur as the result of generalised peritonitis following:
- acute appendicitis
- perforated peptic ulcer
- perforated gallbladder, producing a right-sided subphrenic abscess, and biliary surgery
- bowel surgery and subsequent peritoneal faecal contamination
Other causes include infection of a haematoma, for example, after splenectomy.
Last reviewed 01/2018