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The standard treatment with quadruple therapy is effective.
Side-effects are more common in patients infected with HIV.
Incidence of bacterial pneumonia in HIV positive TB patients:
- rates of bacterial pneumonia are several times higher among HIV positive
adults than in the general community
- in 1999 a randomised placebo controlled clinical trial in HIV positive patients
with sputum smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Côte d'Ivoire found that
co-trimoxazole prophylaxis significantly reduced mortality and morbidity
- a more recent study (1) found also found that prophylaxis with co-trimoxazole
reduces mortality in HIV infected adults with pulmonary tuberculosis. Co-trimoxazole
was generally safe and well tolerated
Last reviewed 01/2018