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Yeasts may be present in a woman's vagina or vulva with no symptoms present.
- common among women of reproductive age
- caused by overgrowth of yeasts; C. albicans, in 70-90% of cases, with non-albicans
species such as C. glabrata in the remainder
- presence of candida in the vulvovaginal area does not necessarily require
treatment, unless symptomatic, as between 10% and 20% of women will have vulvovaginal
- candidiasis occurs most commonly when the vagina is exposed to estrogen,
therefore it is more common during the reproductive years and during pregnancy
- an episode of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is often precipitated by
use of antibiotics
- immunocompromised women and women with diabetes are predisposed to candidiasis
- VVC does not appear to be associated with tampons, sanitary towels or panty
liners when they are used appropriately
- as VVC can be found in non-sexually active individuals, it is not classed
as an STI
- 1) FSRH and BASHH Guidance (February 2012) Management of Vaginal Discharge
in Non-Genitourinary Medicine Settings.
Last reviewed 01/2018