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2630 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 17/4/2021)


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vaginal candidiasis

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Yeasts may be present in a woman's vagina or vulva with no symptoms present.

  • common among women of reproductive age

  • caused by overgrowth of yeasts; C. albicans, in 70-90% of cases, with non-albicans species such as C. glabrata in the remainder

  • presence of candida in the vulvovaginal area does not necessarily require treatment, unless symptomatic, as between 10% and 20% of women will have vulvovaginal colonisation

  • candidiasis occurs most commonly when the vagina is exposed to estrogen, therefore it is more common during the reproductive years and during pregnancy
    • an episode of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is often precipitated by use of antibiotics
    • immunocompromised women and women with diabetes are predisposed to candidiasis

  • VVC does not appear to be associated with tampons, sanitary towels or panty liners when they are used appropriately

  • as VVC can be found in non-sexually active individuals, it is not classed as an STI

Reference:

  • 1) FSRH and BASHH Guidance (February 2012) Management of Vaginal Discharge in Non-Genitourinary Medicine Settings.

 

Last reviewed 01/2018

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