There are two types of pneumococcal vaccine (1,2):
Immunisation is recommended in (1):
Primary care staff should identify patients for whom vaccine is recommended and use all opportunities to ensure that they are appropriately immunised, for example:
Clinical risk groups who should receive the pneumococcal immunisation
|Clinical risk group||Examples (decision based on clinical judgement)|
|Asplenia or dysfunction of the spleen||This also includes conditions such as homozygous sickle cell disease and coeliac syndrome that may lead to splenic dysfunction.|
|Chronic respiratory disease (chronic respiratory disease refers to chronic lower respiratory tract disease)||This includes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema; and such conditions as bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis, interstitial lung fibrosis, pneumoconiosis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Children with respiratory conditions caused by aspiration, or a neurological disease (e.g. cerebral palsy) with a risk of aspiration. Asthma is not an indication, unless so severe as to require continuous or frequently repeated use of systemic steroids|
|Chronic heart disease||includes those requiring regular medication and/or follow-up for ischaemic heart disease, congenital heart disease, hypertension with cardiac complications, and chronic heart failure|
|Chronic kidney disease||Nephrotic syndrome, chronic kidney disease at stages 4 and 5 and those on kidney dialysis or with kidney transplantation|
|Chronic liver disease||includes cirrhosis, biliary atresia and chronic hepatitis.|
|Diabetes||Diabetes mellitus requiring insulin or oral hypoglycaemic drugs. This does not include diabetes that is diet controlled.|
|Immunosuppression||Due to disease or treatment, including patients undergoing chemotherapy leading to immunosuppression, bone marrow transplant, asplenia or splenic dysfunction, HIV infection at all stages, multiple myeloma or genetic disorders affecting the immune system (e.g. IRAK-4, NEMO, complement deficiency) Individuals on or likely to be on systemic steroids for more than a month at a dose equivalent to prednisolone at 20mg or more per day (any age), or for children under 20kg, a dose of 1mg or more per kg per day.|
|Individuals with cochlear implants||It is important that immunisation does not delay the cochlear implantation|
|Individuals with cerebrospinal fluid leaks||includes leakage of cerebrospinal fluid such as following trauma or major skull surgery. Conditions related to CSF leaks include all CSF shunts.|
is an association between exposure to metal fume and pneumonia and infectious pneumonia, particularly lobar pneumonia and between welding and invasive pneumococcal disease.
PPV23 (single 0.5ml dose in those who have not received PPV previously)
should be considered for those at risk of frequent or continuous occupational
exposure to metal fume (e.g. welders) taking into account the exposure
control measures in place
PCV is part of the childhood immunisation schedule
Check uptodate details in the The Green Book before prescribing/administering a pneumococcal vaccination.
Check the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) before prescribing/administering a pneumococcal vaccine.
Last edited 04/2019 and last reviewed 05/2019