This site is intended for healthcare professionals

2625 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 15/4/2021)

2625 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 15/4/2021)


Medical search

epidemiology

FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here
You have 3 more open access pages.

  • in adults aged 15+ years in England and Wales in 1992 - there were 4,930 new cases of leukaemia; the number per annum per 2000 population was 0.19 (1)

  • leukaemia (all subtypes combined) is the 11th most common cancer in the UK (2011), accounting for 3% of all new cases
    • in males, it is the 9th most common cancer (3% of the male total), whilst it is the 11th (2%) in females
    • in 2011, there were 8,616 new cases of leukaemia in the UK: 5,014 (58%) in men and 3,602 (42%) in women, giving a male:female ratio of around 14:10
      • the crude incidence rate shows that there are 16 new leukaemia cases for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 11 for every 100,000 females
      • leukaemia (all subtypes combined) incidence rates have increased overall in Great Britain since the mid-1970s, though much of the rise occurred before the late 1990s

  • leukaemia (all subtypes combined) is the 11th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2011), accounting for 3% of all deaths from cancer (2)
    • n 2011, there were 4,603 deaths from leukaemia in the UK: 2,609 (57%) in men and 1,994 (43%) in women, giving a male:female ratio of around 13:10
      • the crude mortality rate shows that there are more than 8 leukaemia deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and around 6 for every 100,000 females

  • all ages can be affected but 75% occur in patients over the age of 60 years

  • risk factors for leukaemia include exposure to radiation and previous chemotherapy/radiotherapy

  • most cases of leukaemia are diagnosed following a full blood count undertaken because of clinical features of bone marrow failure (pallor, fatigue, bleeding, bruising, infections etc)

  • some leukaemias may present with hepatosplenomegaly and/ or lymphadenopathy

In 2010, in the UK, the lifetime risk of developing leukaemia (all subtypes combined) is 1 in 66 for men and 1 in 96 for women.

Reference:

Last reviewed 01/2018

Links: