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2673 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 11/4/2021)

2673 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 11/4/2021)


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surface anatomy of heart

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Standardly, the surface features of the heart in the anatomical position are described in terms of:

  • shape: apex and base
  • borders
  • surfaces
  • grooves or sulci

It is important to note that there may be inconsistencies of the surface features due to variations in shape e.g. borders may be poorly defined and hence surfaces are more difficult to identify.

Last reviewed 01/2018

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