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2256 pages added, reviewed or updated during the last month (last updated: 20/4/2021)


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risk factors

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An increased risk of suicide is associated with the following risk factors:

  • biologic
    • male
  • psychological
    • psychiatric illness (personal or family) e.g. -  depression, anxiety (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder) and schizophrenia
    • history of suicide attempts
    •  (personal or family)
    • substance use, abuse, dependence
    • severe insomnia
    • hopelessness
    • recent discharge from psychiatric hospital
      • the risk is higher during the first week after discharge and remains high for the first few months.
        • a UK study carried out among psychiatric patients reported that a quarter of suicides occurred within three months of discharge out of which almost half of patients die within the first month (often before the preliminary follow up)
        • patients who were hospitalised for attempted suicide had the highest risk after discharge
    • childhood history of trauma, sexual abuse/rape
  • environmental/social
    • availability of means  e.g., access to guns, medications
    • recent illness diagnosis or chronic disease, especially chronic painful disorders
    • recent suicide in the community, state, nation
    • stressful life event e.g., death of a friend or family member, loss of employment, end of a relationship, legal issues, personal economic crisis
    • unmarried or limited social support (1,2,3)

Reference:

Last reviewed 01/2018

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