The mortality rate for ketoacidosis ranges from 2-5% in developed countries, and 6-24% in developing countries.
Morbidity and mortality in developed countries mainly resulted from sepsis or pulmonary or cardiovascular complications. Young adults - under 28 years - and children are susceptible to the development of severe and often fatal cerebral oedema during the treatment of DKA - this complication occurs in 0.7-1.0% of ketoacidotic episodes.
It is said that up to 10 children a year die from diabetic ketoacidosis in the UK.
Last reviewed 01/2018