Accurate assessment of the dehydration status remains a crucial step in the management of diarrhoea (1). Underestimating the fluid deficiency may lead to acidosis, electrolyte disturbances, acute kidney injury, or even death while overestimating may cause unnecessary interventions, longer hospital stays, and increased adverse events in children (1).
The following scales are commonly used to estimate dehydration status using clinical signs:
Each scale also predicts a slightly different range for percent volume loss (1).
Last reviewed 01/2018