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TD is a consequence of the body failing to produce sufficient testosterone
to function normally, caused by disruption of 1 or more levels of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal
It can be broadly classified as being either primary, secondary, or combined
- 1. Khera M, Adaikan G, Buvat J, et al. Diagnosis and Treatment of Testosterone
Deficiency: Recommendations From the Fourth International Consultation for
Sexual Medicine (ICSM 2015). J Sex Med 2016;13:1787-1804.
- 2. Bhasin S et al. Task Force, Endocrine Society. Testosterone therapy
in men with androgen deficiency syndromes: An Endocrine Society clinical practice
guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010;95:2536-59.
Last edited 05/2018 and last reviewed 05/2018