This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in


Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

  • in coronary artery disease
    • should be performed on all patients at risk of coronary disease before they undergo heart surgery.
    • may be used in diagnosis, assessment of severity of lesions, and treatment (stent insertion, angioplasty)
    • possible indications for coronary angiography include:
      • more than 2 mm ST depression on an exercise ECG
      • angina or ST depression in a patient who is recovering from an MI
      • unstable angina - i.e. chest pain which results in an admission to a cardiac care unit, but with no cardiac enzyme rise
      • a sudden worsening of the angina
      • angina resistant to medical treatment
  • in congenital heart disease - diagnosis, assessment and treatment (e.g. septostomy, balloon dilatation)
  • valvular heart disease - diagnosis and assessment; cardiac catheterization offers a treatment option in valvuloplasty if patient unfit for (or declines) surgical intervention
  • other conditions where cardiac catheterization may be used include pericardial disease, cardiomyopathy; also for performing endomyocardial biopsy


Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page