This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Patient lifestyle advice - for primary and secondary prevention of CVD

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Lifestyle changes for primary and secondary prevention of CVD

  • Cardioprotective diet
    • aim to have to eat a diet in which:
      • total fat intake is 30% or less of total energy intake
      • saturated fats are 10% or less of total energy intake
      • dietary cholesterol is less than 300 mg/day
      • saturated fats are replaced by monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats

    • eat at least:
      • five portions of fruit and vegetables per day
      • two portions of fish per week, including a portion of oily fish

      • pregnant women to limit their intake of oily fish to two portions a week
      • look and for advice on healthy eating and portion size
      • omega-3 fatty acid supplements or plant sterols and stanols are not routinely recommended for primary prevention

  • Physical activity
    • take 30 minutes of at least moderate intensity exercise a day at least 5 days a week
      • people who cannot manage this amount of exercise should undertake exercise at their maximum safe capacity
    • exercise that can be incorporated into everyday life, such as brisk walking, using stairs and cycling
    • can exercise in bouts of 10 minutes or more throughout the day

  • Weight management
    • work towards achieving and maintaining a healthy weight

  • Alcohol consumption
    • men to limit their alcohol intake to 3-4 units a day
    • women to limit their alcohol intake to 2-3 units a day
    • avoid binge drinking
    • look for information on alcohol units

  • Smoking cessation
    • if a smoker then reduces risk of heart attack or stroke if you stop smoking


Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.


Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.