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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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  • improves insulin sensitivity by
    • actions upon the liver:
      • reducing hepatic gluconeogenesis and glycogen breakdown
    • actions upon skeletal muscle and adipose tissue:
      • increasing insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and oxidation and, in muscle, increasing glycogen formation

Other effects include:

  • anorexia
  • preventing weight gain (in the UKPDS, weight was unchanged in the long term despite an initial weight loss of 1-2kg)
  • lowering of triglycerides and total cholesterol
  • fibrinolysis is increased and platelet aggregation reduced


  1. Prescriber (2003); 14 (13): 47-52.

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