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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

These include:

  • facial palsy
  • punctal malposition - ectropion
  • punctal occlusion - congenital absence, scarred, blockage e.g. due to chronic infection with staphylococcus or herpes simplex, or following chronic drug administration
  • canalicular obstruction secondary to canaliculitis
  • nasolacrimal duct obstruction

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