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Epistaxis is one of the commonest presentations at the accident and emergency (A&E) department and is the most common ENT emergency (1). Most cases of nose bleeds are minor or self limiting but rarely can be a life threatening emergency due to massive bleeding (1,2).
An estimated 60 % of the general population has had at least one episode of epistaxis throughout their life time (2).
Epistaxis may be due to local causes or general causes.
Epistaxis is usually classified into two types:
Epistaxis summary (5)