This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Oesophagus (intramural rupture)

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Intramural rupture of the oesophagus is a rare form of spontaneous rupture intermediate between those of the Boerhaave and Mallory-Weiss syndromes. It is associated with vomiting, but the tear passes deep to the mucosa and does not reach to the surface of the oesophagus. A large intramural haematoma may develop that can compromise the lumen of the oesophagus with subsequent dysphagia.

Clinically, the patient may complain of severe retrosternal or back pain. Distinction from Boerhaave's syndrome is made radiologically: chest X-ray is normal and there is no barium leak. Diagnosis is confirmed at endoscopy.

Treatment is conservative; if tolerated, analgesia and fluids by mouth.

Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page