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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Condoms, cervical caps, vaginal diaphragms, and chemically impregnated sponges may be used to prevent viable spermatazoa from gaining access to the endometrial cavity, fallopian tubes and peritoneal cavity.

Advantages include:

  • obtainable without prescription
  • no serious complications
  • low failure rate if couple well motivated - 5% failure rate achievable

Disadvantages include:

  • high coital dependence
  • high failure rate if couple poorly motivated

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