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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Complications include:

  • those of prolonged bladder outflow obstruction: - hypertrophy of bladder muscle - bladder diverticula formation - hydronephrosis may occur, and may lead to renal failure

  • acute on chronic urinary retention - precipitated by factors such as: - constipation - urinary tract infection - overfilling - drugs, for example, antidepressants or diuretics

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