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Exophthalmic ophthalmoplegia is the term used to describe any restriction of movement of the eye caused by thyroid disease.
Exophthalmic ophthalmoplegia may result in:
Restriction in ocular movement is caused by hypertrophy of the fatty pad behind the eye and by fatty infiltration of the extra-ocular muscles.
Most commonly diplopia is seen when the patient is asked to move their eyes upward and outwards.