This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Knee injury (site of pain and possible cause of injury)

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

  • If medial knee pain
    • if an acute knee injury causes include:
      • medial meniscus injury, articular cartilage injury of medial compartment, or medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury

    • if a chronic injury then causes include:
      • medial compartment arthritis, pes anserine bursitis, and a degenerative medial meniscal tear

  • If lateral knee pain
    • if an acute knee injury then causes include:
      • lateral meniscus tear, lateral compartment articular cartilage injury, or posterolateral corner injury (to include the fibular collateral ligament)

    • if a chronic knee injury then causes include:
      • lateral compartment arthritis, biceps bursitis, and a degenerative lateral meniscus tear

  • If anterior knee pain
    • if an acute injury then causes include:
      • patellar subluxation or dislocation and patellar or trochlear groove chondral injuries
      • patellar tendon rupture should be considered if patient aged of 30 to 45 years old
      • quadriceps rupture is more likely in the age range of 45 to 60 years old

    • if chronic injury then causes include:
      • patellofemoral joint chondromalacia (arthritis) and patellar tendonitis

  • If posterior knee pain
    • if acute injury then causes include:
      • posterior capsule injuries, posterior cruciate ligament injury, or posterior horn meniscal tears
    • if chronic injury then causes include:
      • posterior horn meniscal tears or a Baker's (popliteal) cyst



  • Duong V et al. Evaluation and Treatment of Knee Pain: A Review. JAMA. 2023 Oct 24;330(16):1568-1580

Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.


Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.