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Classification of headaches

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Headache disorders are classified by the ICHD-III as (1):

  • primary headache disorders
    • migraine
    • tension type headache
    • trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias
    • other primary headache disorders
  • secondary headache disorders
    • headache attributed to trauma or injury of the head or neck
    • headache attributed to cervical or cranial vascular disorder
    • non-vascular intracranial disorder headache
    • substance or substance withdrawal headache
    • headache attributed to infection
    • disorder of homeostasis headache
    • headache or facial pain attributed to disorder of the cranium, neck, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, teeth, mouth or other facial or cervical structure
    • headache attributed to psychiatric disorder
  • neuropathies, facial pains and other headaches: painful lesions of the cranial nerves and other facial pains, and other headache disorders

 

  • Headache disorders may be classified in several ways. It may be hierarchical as above, research based, aetiological, or clinical.

Reference:

  1. Headache classification subcommittee of the international headache society. The international classification of headache disorders. 3rd edition. Cephalalgia. 2018; 38: 1-211

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