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Limbs and trunk

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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The standard scheme of examining limbs and trunk in a neurological examination is:

  • motor system:
    • general inspection:
      • skin
      • posture
      • muscle bulk
      • abnormal movement
      • fasciculations
    • tone
  • power:
    • test power for different movements
    • plantar flexion and dorsiflexion can be tested by the patient walking on tip toes and on his heels.
    • reflexes
  • coordination:
    • finger nose test
    • rapid alternating movements
    • hand shake
    • foot tap, etc.
  • sensory system:
    • light touch
    • pin prick
    • cold
    • vibration
    • joint position sense:
      • especially distally
      • stereognosis, graphaesthesia

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