This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Sympathetic chain

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

The paravertebral ganglia, also termed the sympathetic chain or trunk, are a series of ganglia which lie in a line lateral and parallel to the vertebral bodies of the spinal column. The ganglia are interconnected to each other and extend from the base of the skull to the sacrum. They make contact with:

  • ganglia which lie superiorly or inferiorly within the chain
  • the spinal cord and associated spinal nerve via grey and white rami communicantes
  • prevertebral ganglia

The passage of efferent and afferent pre- and postganglionic fibres through the ganglia is considered in the submenu.

There are regional specialisations of the ganglia:

  • cervical sympathetic ganglia
  • thoracic sympathetic ganglia
  • lumbosacral sympathetic ganglia

Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.


Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.