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At present there is no pharmacological treatment to cure existing cataracts or to halt its progression (1).
Non surgical management that can be considered includes:
Surgery remains the only effective treatment method in cataract patients to restore or maintain vision. In UK over 90% of cataract surgeries are done in people who are 60 years or older (3).
Ophthalmological referral for surgery should be based on factors such as:
Surgery may be indicated despite there being good visual acuity, particularly if there are symptoms associated with the cataract such as glare. Other indications for referral include double vision (or ghosting) and change in colour perception.
The outcomes of modern surgical techniques are so good that a visual acuity of 6/9 and 'trouble with vision' due to cataract is often accepted as sufficient indication for surgery (4).