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This is now seldom performed, but is indicated in cases of severe shoulder dysfunction. Stable scapulothoracic movement is essential if some movement at the shoulder is to be preserved, but function can be good postoperatively.
Conditions in which shoulder arthrodesis might be appropriate are:
Apley, A.G. et al. (1993) Apley's System of Orthopaedics and Fractures 7th ed Butterworth-Heinemann