This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Genitofemoral neuropathy

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Genitofemoral nerve

  • origin at the L1 and L2 level
    • at the inguinal ligament it forms two main branches, the genital and femoral branches
    • femoral branch travels lateral to the femoral artery and gives sensory innervation to the upper part of the femoral triangle
    • genital branch
      • in males, it travels through the inguinal canal, along with the spermatic cord, and supplies the cremaster muscle and the scrotal skin
      • in females, it ends in the skin of the mons pubis and labia majora
      • genitofemoral nerve is responsible for both the efferent and afferent limbs of the cremasteric reflex. The ilioinguinal nerve (L1) is also involved in the afferent limb of the reflex.

  • genitofemoral nerve injury is most commonly caused by surgical trauma
    • other causes reported include direct trauma to the inguinal region and tight clothing
    • clinical features
      • main presenting complaint is pain and a burning sensation in the groin, which radiates to the inner thigh. aggravating factors including walking, stooping and hyperextension of the hip
      • examination findings reveal tenderness and possible hyperaesthesia along the inguinal canal
      • provocative testing involves internal or external rotation of the hip joint

Reference:

  • 1) Starling JR, Harms BA. Diagnosis and treatment of genitofemoral and ilioinguinal neuralgia. World J Surg 1989; 13: 586-9

Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page