This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

CAGE questionnaire

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Alcohol dependence is likely if the patient gives 2 or more positive answers:

  • have you ever felt you should CUT down your drinking?
  • have people ANNOYED you by criticising your drinking?
  • have you ever felt bad or GUILTY about your drinking?
  • have you ever had a drink first think in the morning to steady your nerves or get rid of a hangover (EYE- opener)? (1)

A score of 2 to 3 indicates a high index of suspicion and a score of 4 is virtually diagnostic for alcoholism (2).

  • Bernadt et al have claimed that the CAGE test (scores >=2) has a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 76% for the identification of problem drinkers
  • the sensitivity of the CAGE questionnaire in screening for alcoholism is dramatically enhanced by an open-ended introduction (3)

The CAGE shares the disadvantage of the MAST that it asks about the respondent’s lifetime experience of alcohol rather than focusing on the recent past (1)


Related pages

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.


Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.