This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in

Epidemiology

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

Legionella is an airborne infection with the bacterium sometimes living in air-conditioning systems, whirlpool spas and domestic hot water systems in large buildings.

In the UK there are about 200 cases per year, of which one third have been contracted abroad. It is responsible for 2-15% of all community-acquired pneumonias that require hospitalisation in the UK, Europe or North America (1). Men are affected up to five times more frequently than women, and it is uncommon in children. There are up to 450 cases reported each year in the UK. (2)

Mortality is 10-15% however in the elderly, untreated or immunocompromised mortality may reach 80%. (1)

References:

1. Chahin A. Opal SM. Severe Pneumonia Caused by Legionella pneumophila: Differential Diagnosis and Therapeutic Considerations. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2017 Mar;31(1):111-121.

2. Legionnaires' disease: guidance, data and analysis. Public Health England

 

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

Connect

Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.