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Clinical features

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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Clinical features of staphylococcal pneumonia may include:

  • cough - often productive but less so in young children
  • fever and chills
  • pleural pain
  • progressive dyspnoea
  • cyanosis
  • rigors
  • sputum may be bloody or frankly purulent
  • history of abrupt onset
  • chest expansion reduced
  • chest dull to percussion
  • bronchial breathing
  • crepitations

Primary infection usually occurs in infants and children with the abrupt onset of respiratory distress or a pneumothorax; secondary infection is a more likely aetiology in older children and adults.

Pulmonary symptoms are less apparent and onset more insidious when pneumonia develops following cystic fibrosis, nosocomial infection, bronchogenic carcinoma, and staphylococcal bacteraemia.

 

Clark S. Hicks M. Staphylococcal Pneumonia. StatPearls. August 2023.

 

 

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