This site is intended for healthcare professionals

Go to /sign-in page

You can view 5 more pages before signing in


Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

Authoring team

The following features should be assessed during movement of the hand:

  • ask the patient to make a fist, spread his fingers out and then test each individual joint

  • the normal ranges for finger flexion are:
    • metacarpo-phalangeal joints >90 degrees
    • PIP joints >100 degrees
    • DIP joints >80 degrees

  • normal movement for the thumb inter-phalangeal joint is:
    • flexion: >80 degrees
    • extension: >20 degrees

  • normal movement for the thumb metacarpo-phalangeal joint is:
    • flexion: >55 degrees
    • extension: >5 degrees

  • normal movement for abduction at therpo-phalangeal joints is 20 degrees

  • also test opposition, pinch grip, key grip, palmar grasp of ball and sphygmomanometer grip strength

Create an account to add page annotations

Add information to this page that would be handy to have on hand during a consultation, such as a web address or phone number. This information will always be displayed when you visit this page

The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.


Copyright 2024 Oxbridge Solutions Limited, a subsidiary of OmniaMed Communications Limited. All rights reserved. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence.