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Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy
The oesophageal plexuses are nervous plexuses formed on the surface of the oesophagus which supply the muscles and mucosa of the oesophageal wall.
The plexus is supplied by:
The plexuses ramify widely as a network on the surface of the oesophagus but are most concentrated upon the anterior and posterior surfaces. This is particularly true at the inferior end of the oesophagus where the parasympathetic component is more predominant than the sympathetic part. Indeed, just proximal to the oesophagus leaving the thorax to enter the abdomen, the oesophageal plexus forms into two trunks:
However, due to the interconnections of the plexus, both trunks contain fibres from both vagal nerves.