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Clinical features

Last reviewed dd mmm yyyy. Last edited dd mmm yyyy

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When a cervical disc prolapses, central protrusion presents with signs of spinal cord compression.

A postero-lateral protrusion typically presents with acute neck stiffness within hours or days following the insult or trauma and is aggravated by coughing and other straining. Later, there is pain radiating over the shoulder and throughout the upper limb and there may also be associated paraesthesia in the digits.

On examination, certain neck movements may be limited by pain, but movement in at least one direction - often lateral flexion - is free. There may be slight muscle wasting and sensory impairment in the distribution of the cervical nerves with the corresponding tendon reflexes depressed or absent.

The clinical picture is variable. A history of injury may not always be obtainable and symptoms may be confined to either the neck or to the upper limb. Muscle wasting may be marked or absent.

There may be further attacks, either sudden or gradual in onset.

More details concerning cervical disc prolapse in context of cervical spondylosis is provided in the linked item below.

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The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.


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